Gender and Climate-Related Migration in Jordan and Sudan
Building Women’s Economic and Social Resilience to Climate Risk and Migration for Survival within Sustainable Development
Jordan and Sudan are climate hotspots. Climate change and topography combine with socio-economicpolitical processes to increase vulnerability to droughts and floods in both sites, with increasing frequency, magnitude, severity and adverse societal impacts. Key socio-economic vulnerabilities to climate risks and hazards include multi-dimensional inequality and rural/urban poverty; unsustainable rural development including increasing environmental degradation and reliance on climate sensitive agriculture; unsustainable urban planning and development; high population growth and density; ruralurban migration and the influx of migrants and refugees from neighboring countries. This strains already scarce resources, their distribution and use, and feeds the vicious cycle of vulnerability to climate crisis and its impacts.