Morocco Multi-Country Office
Enhancing Women’s Leadership Role and Political Participation
To promote the leadership and political participation of women UN Women Maghreb supports women parliamentarians to adopt and implement legislation, strategies and policies that promote gender equality and women’s empowerment, and to implement the Constitutional provisions and their translation into organic and ordinary laws.
To create a greater impact, gender equality advocates and their organizations can also count on UN Women’s support for advocacy initiatives to promote the leadership and political participation of women, including through quotas.
In Tunisia, UN Women strongly advocated for the inclusion of gender equality in the new Constitution of 2014, which is considered among the most compliant with International Standards regarding women’s human rights in the Arab region. During the constitution drafting, UN Women focused on supporting advocacy initiatives and the capacity building of civil society organizations, parliamentarians and key institutional partners on gender equality.
Results at a glance:
- With UN Women’s technical support and guidance, the Inter-ministerial Consultation Network (ICN), involving the human resources focal points of 30 ministerial departments, is operational and ensures the monitoring of the elaboration of the Gender mainstreaming Strategy of the civil service.
- The Moroccan working group of “Parliamentarians for Equality”, gathering representatives of eight political parties from the majority and opposition, has been working to advance gender equality in the legislative agenda, by advocating for the implementation of the Constitutional provisions and their translation into organic and ordinary laws.
- In Algeria, eleven women parliamentarians were trained on topics such as the drafting of laws, communication with the media and building relationships with the civil society, in collaboration with the NGO Centre for Information and Documentation on the rights of Children and Women (CIDEFF).
- In Tunisia, the “Political Academy for Women Candidates”, led by the NGO Aswat Nissa in partnership with UN Women, promotes the participation of women in the 2015 local elections. Through workshops, 25 future women candidates were trained to exercise their rights and play a leadership role in their community and at a regional level.
Women’s Economic Empowerment
UN Women Maghreb is working with its national partners in the three countries to facilitate the access to nationally-generated, sex-disaggregated statistics on women’s economic opportunities and to enhance their capacities to develop and implement gender-sensitive budgets, strategies and public policies. In Morocco, UN Women is also enhancing the capacities of legislators and policy makers in applying international standards, accountability mechanisms and other tools in national laws, policies, programmes and regulations.
An important focus of UN Women Maghreb is to support the skills and enterprise development capacities of women, with the goal to enhance their sustainable livelihoods and resilience.
Results at a glance:
- In 2014, 227 rural women in Morocco and 400 rural women in Algeria benefited from trainings and workshops to enhance their sustainable livelihoods.
- A study about the inequalities in inheritance showed its negative impact on the macro-economic level and for the household’s economies in Tunisia.
- In partnership with the Moroccan NGO INSAF, 107 single mothers from the region of Casablanca benefited from trainings for their reintegration in the socio-professional context.
- In partnership with the Tunisian association Amal, 30 single mothers benefited from trainings to support their socio-professional reintegration. 74% of them found a job soon after, or started their own professional projects.
- A national survey conducted by the Haut-Commissariat au Plan (HCP) in Morocco, with support of UN Women, showed 34,5% of the GDP consists of unpaid labour by women, a crucial data to support decision-makers for their planning of policies.
Violence against Women
To prevent and respond to violence against women and girls, UN Women Maghreb works with national and local authorities to develop and implement laws, policies and strategies. To have a greater impact, UN Women Maghreb also supports capacity-development of gender equality advocates and their organizations to effectively advocate for the implementation of these laws, policies and strategies.
In Morocco and Algeria, the collection and dissemination of data about gender-based violence and safety and VAW prevention in public spaces are facilitated. Through the Safe Cities programme, a number of measures have been undertaken to advance women’s safety in public spaces in the Moroccan city of Marrakech, by working closely together with the municipal council of the city.
In Tunisia, UN Women Maghreb contributed to the development of a comprehensive law on ending violence against women and girls and to collect national data on the topic and specifically in public spaces. Also in partnership with NGOs, training sessions and roundtables involving local stakeholders are organized to develop an adequate multi-sectoral response to the violence against women and girls.
Results at a glance:
- In March 2015, Algeria’s parliament adopted a law criminalizing domestic violence against women. UN Women contributed to this results by supporting the civil society’s advocacy and awareness-raising campaigns, by supporting women rights defenders and enhancing the capacities of women parliamentarians and local officials.
- In Morocco, intense advocacy work of several civil society organisations, supported by UN Women, contributed to the unanimous vote by the Committee on Justice, Human Rights and Legislation in the House of Representatives for the deletion of paragraph 2 of Article 475 of the Penal Code, which allowed a rapist to escape prison by marrying the victim.
- UN Women with other UN agencies, has been supporting the drafting of a law on ending violence against women and girls in Tunisia, which was proposed to the Ministerial Council in November 2014.
- In the city of Marrakesh, Morocco, bus and taxi drivers are being sensitized about sexual harassment and violence against women and girls through the Safe Cities programme.
- A virtual tribunal was created by the Association Tunisienne des Femmes Démocrates (ATFD) with the support of UN Women to allow female victims of violence to prepare and familiarize themselves with the procedures of the Instance Vérité et Dignité (IVD), created for the processes of transitional justice.
- With the support of UN Women, advocacy and outreach actions on the issue of early marriage were carried out by YTTO Foundation’s through its Caravan “Zainaba” in the region of Midelt, reaching 15 douars in 2014, reaching over 14.000 people and preventing the marriage of three little girls aged 10, 12 and 13, who are continuing their education with the support of the YTTO foundation.
- In partnership with the Center for Research, Studies, Documentation and Information on Women (CREDIF), 25 young bloggers benefited from trainings on gender, communication, art and psychology, which resulted in a digital communication campaign to sensitize about violence against women and girls.
- UN Women’s support to civil society organizations advocacy work, including the Springtime for Dignity coalition, contributed to avoid a regression in acquired rights concerning the minimum age for marriage (18 years in the Family code) in Morocco.
Peace and Security
In Tunisia, UN Women Maghreb provides support to the Truth and Dignity Commission to mainstream gender in their structure, mechanisms and activities. In addition, UN Women supports gender equality advocates to enhance their capacities and opportunities to monitor the transitional justice process and mechanisms, and to improve legal aid services for women and girls victims of human rights violations.
Governance and national planning fully reflect accountability for gender equality commitments and priorities
With the support of UN Women, national partners in Morocco and Algeria have enhanced knowledge, tools and skills to ensure the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the Government’s plan for equality, as well as the monitoring of the Judiciary System Reform Charter. Within the Ministries, the Gender equality Units are provided technical support. UN Women also provides key government institutions, at the national and local levels, the knowledge and tools to analyze, formulate and implement gender-responsive plans and budgets.
Results at a glance:
- In November 2014, Morocco adopted a new Organic finance law – Finance Act – marking a historic shift to results-based and gender-responsive public finance management, instead of a consumption-based management. This approach was the result of the experimentation of over a decade with pilot departments with UN Women’s support under the Gender-Responsive Budgeting Programme. This law now offers the legal framework to integrate the gender aspect in the budgets of all line ministries.